Potato Nutritional Value and Benefit of Heath

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Potato Nutritional Value and Benefit of Heath

Before knowing the Potato Nutritional Value and Benefit of Heath , let’s know about the history of origin of potato and the history of inheritance of potato.

History of origin of potato

The area surrounding the Andes highlands is the natural source of several varieties of potato. The Andes were first visited by Europeans when the Spanish arrived in the early 16th century, a little over 400 years ago; From their hands, it later spread throughout the world. Today it is the fourth largest crop in the world after rice, wheat and maize. Various regions have been mentioned as its specific place of origin, but a recent study proved that the potato originated in southern Peru. In the Inca civilization of Peru, the cultivated land was called alu. From there the word Bengali potato came. However, the 7000-10000-year-old potato species Solanum brevicaule complex has been documented in Peru. In 1845, although potato late blight caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans, a fungus, spread to the west of Ireland, potato production did not cease. Today, each person in the world consumes an average of 33 kg of potatoes per year, and China and India are the single largest producers of potatoes. But potatoes are now grown more or less in all regions of the world.

Potatoes are carbohydrates and not extra calories. Apart from this, potatoes have various nutritional properties. In terms of nutritional quality of the human body, potato is also incomparable in its benefits. We eat these potatoes almost every day along with other foods. Potatoes are rich in carbohydrates including vitamins A, B and C, potassium, iron, anti-oxidants, fiber.

History of Potato Genetics

There are about 5,000 potato varieties worldwide. Three thousand of them are found only in the Andes region, mainly in Peru, Bolivia, Ecuador, Chile and Colombia. They belong to eight or nine species depending on the taxonomic group. In addition to the 5,000 cultivated varieties, there are about 200 wild species and subspecies, many of which can be inter-bred with cultivated varieties. Repeated inter-breeding has been carried out to transfer specific pest and disease resistance from the gene pool of wild species to the gene pool of cultivated potato species.

The main species grown worldwide is Solanum tuberosum (a tetraploid with 48 chromosomes), and modern cultivars of this species are the most widely cultivated. There are also four diploid species (with 24 chromosomes): S. stenotomum, S. phureja, S. goniocalyx, and S. ajanhuiri. There are two triploid species (with 36 chromosomes): S. chaucha and S. juzepczukii. There is one pentaploid cultivated species (with 60 chromosomes): S. curtilobum.

Nutritional value of potato

According to the United States Department of Agriculture, a typical raw potato contains 79% water, 17% sugar (88% protein), 2% protein, and a negligible amount of fat (see table). In a 100-gram (3 1⁄2-ounce) portion, raw potatoes provide 322 kilojoules (77 kilocalories) of dietary energy and are a rich source of vitamin B6 and vitamin C (23% and 24% of the daily value, respectively). No other vitamins or minerals are present in significant amounts (see table). Potatoes are rarely eaten raw because the starch in raw potatoes is not well digested by humans. When a potato is boiled, its vitamin B6 and vitamin C content is significantly reduced, although there is little significant change in the content of other nutrients.

Potatoes are often broadly classified as having a high glycemic index (GI) and are therefore often excluded from the diet of people trying to follow a low-GI diet. GI of potato varieties, growing conditions and storage, preparation method (cooking method, whether it is eaten hot or cold, whether it is stuffed or sliced ​​or eaten whole) and accompanying foods (especially various high-fat or high-protein ones) (adding spreadable food) can vary significantly depending on Reheating or pre-cooking and eating cold potatoes may exhibit a lower GI effect due to the formation of resistant starch.

In the UK, the National Health Service (NHS) does not consider potatoes to count or contribute to the 5-a-day programme, the recommended five daily portions of fruit and vegetables.

Potato Nutritional Value and Benefit of Heath

Let’s know about the 6 qualities of potatoes
01. Regulates Blood Pressure:

The role of potatoes in controlling high blood pressure is immense. Potatoes are rich in potassium which helps in reducing high blood pressure in the body. The fiber in potatoes helps reduce bad cholesterol. However, it should be remembered that eating excess potatoes can increase blood sugar levels and lead to weight gain. Potatoes should not be eaten if high blood pressure is raised due to diabetes.

02. Boosts immunity

Potatoes are rich in vitamin C, which acts as an antioxidant and helps in boosting the immune system.

03. Aids in digestion:

Potatoes are rich in fiber which helps in digestion. Potatoes are very useful in reducing stomach ache, indigestion. Potatoes are very beneficial for those who have digestive problems or cannot digest food easily.

04. Potatoes in the form of:

Applying potato paste or potato juice on the skin can get rid of various spots, rashes and other skin problems. Potatoes contain vitamin C, B complex, potassium, magnesium, zinc, phosphorus, etc., which are beneficial for the skin. Apart from this, potato juice also helps in getting rid of sunburn.

05. Keeps the brain active and reduces stress:

Potatoes contain glucose, vitamin B complex, amino acids, omega-3 and other fatty acids, which keep the brain active and functional. Moreover, potatoes reduce stress and help improve the mind.

06. Kidney keeps well:

Potatoes are rich in magnesium. Magnesium prevents the accumulation of excess calcium in the kidneys and other tissues of the body. As a result, there is no risk of kidney stones.

Besides, the energy obtained from potatoes is stored as glycogen in muscles and liver. So potato is a good food especially for athletes in terms of physical exercise. Eating potatoes regularly does not cause urinary irritation. In case of diarrhoea, eating potato can easily fill up the deficiency due to its extra calories. Potatoes are very helpful food for children.

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